SINA Health, Education & Welfare Trust

COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, drove by a complex interplay of misinformation and fear, poses a significant challenge to global vaccination efforts. While some individuals express concerns about the rapid development of the vaccines, side effects or long-term consequences. Additionally, socio-economic disparities and cultural beliefs contribute to varying levels of hesitancy across different communities. Our study examines COVID-19 vaccine uptake in slums areas vs opulent area.

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) encompasses a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors such as central obesity, low levels of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia. Identifying children and adolescents at risk of developing MetS early on is crucial, as they are highly susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life Consanguinity (marriages between first or second cousins) can contribute to multiple factors associated with the disease. Obesity and insulin resistance are contributing factors to MetS in children and adolescents, with obesity being the primary factor that worsens with increased body weight. In Pakistan, several studies have addressed MetS and its associated complications, including the issue of screening affordability in children. Initiatives focusing on balanced dietary advice and interventions to identify alarming biomarkers of MetS have been implemented.

Predicting Diabetes Distress using Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale and Diabetes Distress Scale-17, A Cross-sectional Study in Slums of Karachi, Pakistan

Globally, there has been a significant escalation in the prevalence of respiratory disease, posing a substantial threat to the well-being of the general population. The research was carried out in 35 urban areas characterized by substandard living conditions in Karachi, Pakistan, with the aim of assessing the frequency of respiratory illnesses among children and adolescents. In the slums of Karachi, Pakistan, the incidence of pneumonia was found to be higher among females, with males exhibiting a slightly lower prevalence.

There exists a correlation between suicidal ideation and depression among individuals diagnosed with Diabetes, particularly those from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds and those who have experienced prolonged illness.A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of three months in 38 different locations within the slums of Karachi. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of depression, suicidal ideation, and other contributing factors associated with depression among individuals diagnosed with Diabetes. The study found that the occurrence of depression among individuals with diabetes was recorded at a rate of 30.83%, while the prevalence of suicidal thoughts was reported to be 20.39%. Depression was found to be associated with diabetes, low socioeconomic status, limited social support, and physical disability.

Globally, there has been a significant rise in the prevalence of diabetes when accompanied by obesity as a comorbidity. Despite the fact that engaging in sedentary behavior is not conducive to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, there are individuals who continue to lead a predominantly sedentary way of life. The investigation conducted in slum areas offers novel avenues for exploration due to the escalating prevalence of various diseases and the limited efforts made by public health authorities in these regions to address disease management and promote mental well-being. The present study reached a conclusion by establishing a correlation between various socioeconomic factors and sedentary behavior within the vulnerable population affected by diabetes.

self-esteem is an essential feeling. Self-esteem development depends on the environment in which children are nurtured. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted by Research department at SINA in three understudied slum areas of Karachi, Pakistan. The study found that age, Parent's education, as well as parent's strictness, BMI and academic performance were linked to the level of self-esteem in the target population regardless of their gender. Assessing children's self-esteem can be a valuable way to develop considerate circumstances and is beneficial to treatment for children with psychosomatic complaints

Adolescents frequently encounter the expectation of simultaneously managing their academic achievements alongside familial responsibilities, while also assuming employment to contribute to the family's financial well-being, particularly in low-socioeconomic communities. The aforementioned pressures have the potential to induce feelings of anxiety, stress, and in severe cases, depression. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted by Research department at SINA among school-going adolescents of age group 10-19 in two months from seven different schools, three populated peri-urban areas of Karachi, Pakistan.

The Power of Early Detection

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